Macleod Workshop

Symposium Programme | Macleod Workshop | Participants 

J.J.R. Macleod, Co-discoverer of Insulin: An historical workshop

4 May 2022, Campbell Conference Facility, 1 Devonshire Place, Toronto, ON M5S 3K7

This half-day workshop of historical papers and roundtable discussion provided an opportunity to re-evaluate the contributions of John James Rickard Macleod (1876-1935), Nobel laureate, and co-discoverer of insulin.

JJR Macleod [UT Library insulin collections]


9:00-9:10 Welcome and Introduction – John Dirks, Toronto [Video]

9:10-9:30 “J.J.R. Macleod: Aberdeen to Toronto, the making of a great physiologist and educator” – Kenneth McHardy, Aberdeen

9:30-9:40 Discussion

9:40-10:10 “Macleod: Misunderstood, Misinterpreted, and Maligned” – James Wright, Calgary [Video]

10:10-10:25 Discussion

10:25-10:45 BREAK

10:45-11:15 “‘I was only an impresario — the managing director’: J.J.R. Macleod and the pragmatics of the discovery and development of insulin” – Christopher Rutty, Toronto [Video]

11:15-11:30 Discussion

11:30-11:40 “J.J.R. Macleod, Regius Professor of Physiology back in Aberdeen” – Kenneth McHardy, Aberdeen [Video]

11:40-11:45 Discussion [Video]

11:45-12:15 General questions and discussion

12:15-12:30 Response and summary – Alison Li, Toronto [Video]

12:30-12:45 Consensus recommendations of the workshop – John Dirks

12:45-1:00 Conclusion and thanks – John Dirks and Peter Kopplin


Chair: Dr. John Dirks, Chair of the Toronto Medical Historical Club Insulin 100 Committee and Emeritus Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto

Dr. Kenneth McHardy, Retired Diabetologist, NHS Grampian, Honorary Senior Lecturer, University of Aberdeen

Dr. James R. Wright, Jr. Professor of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Professor of Paediatrics, Research Scientist, Julia McFarlane Diabetes Research Centre, University of Calgary

Dr. Christopher J. Rutty, Professional Medical/Public Health Historian, Health Heritage Research Services, Adjunct Professor, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto

Lead Response: Dr. Alison Li, Historian of Science and Medicine

Discussants: Drs Aubie Angel, Kathi Badertscher, Pat Brubaker, Jeffrey Friedman, Erling Norrby, Bernard Zinman